Sustainable production of hydrogen peroxide now possible thanks to an Italian team
It is now possible to produce hydrogen peroxide in an efficient and sustainable way by using innovative nanomaterials. This was shown in an Italian study, published in the scientific journal Chem, carried out by Maurizio Prato, Paolo Fornasiero and Silvia Marchesan from the University of Trieste, together with Francesco Vizza from the CNR Institute of Chemistry of Organometallic Compounds-ICCOM and Lucia Nasi from the CNR Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism-IMEM.
Used in the medical setting as disinfectant for wounds, hydrogen peroxide plays a crucial role also in the industrial setting, especially in the textile sector and in the production of paper, where it is used as a bleaching solution. However, the processes currently used to produce hydrogen peroxide are expensive and have a strong impact on the environment.
The study of the Italian researchers uses an innovative nanometric material as chemical catalyst to promote the efficient production of hydrogen peroxide from oxygen and water. This new method could be a valid strategy to produce this chemical compound more massively, in order to ensure cleaner water is used and it could also become the reference disinfectant in economically disadvantaged countries.
The research team led by Maurizio Prato and Paolo Fornasiero also authored an important discovery in 2016 concerning the possibility to produce hydrogen from water by using a sustainable and efficient electrochemical process. Also in this case, the researchers showed that it was possible to use innovative nanomaterials to produce hydrogen through water electrolysis and without using fossil fuels.