Smart Specialisation Strategy
What is Smart Specialisation?
The concept of the Smart Specialisation Strategy (SSS) has been developed in Europe to indicate those flexible and dynamic innovation strategies, adopted by single Regions but assessed at national level, with the aim of:
- avoiding fragmentation efforts in the field of innovation support,
- develop innovation strategies aimed to regional firms and productive system but connected to international supply chains.
What does it mean in practice ?
The new Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 Programming Cycle expect, as an “ ex-ante” condition for the use of community resources, that national and regional authorities develop research and innovation strategies aimed at the "smart specialization". This in order to allow a more efficient use of structural funds and to increase synergies between EU, national and regional authorities.
All the Member States Regions are called to draw up their Smart Specialisation Strategy outlines, based on available resources and attitudes, identifying the competitive advantages and the technological specializations consistent with their potential for innovation and, at finally, detailing the public and private investments required with particular regard to research, technological development and innovation.
Which activities are planned in support of the Smart Specialisation Strategy?
The Department for Development Policies and Economic Cohesion (DPS) of the Italian Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) launched, in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), the project "Support to the definition and implementation of regional policies for research and innovation (Smart Specialisation Strategy)", managed by Invitalia (National agency for inward investment and enterprise development).
- the goal is to support regional governments in designing and implementing their own SSS through the possibility of sharing, at national level, experiences underway in different regions;
- the arrangement of the various initiatives of SSS, with the extent of avoiding overlaps between different levels of governance.
More specifically, the project aims to:
- strengthen the “knowledge experience” of the Regions on specific sectoral and key technologies areas;
- stimulating co-ordination, at the national level, of the debate on planning, implementation and evaluation of policies;
- improve the quality of governance of interventions and the effectiveness of monitoring and evaluation of the results.
To achieve these objectives, the activities of the project include the accompaniment of the regions in the definition and implementation of SSS over a period of 20 months (from May 2013 to December 2014), through:
- organization of meetings, workshops and seminars to deepen specific topics, sharing knowledge and practical experience;
- provision of field studies and statistical and economic analyses of the areas of regional technological specialization;
- definition of common methodologies and tools, with particular focus on the monitoring and evaluation of interventions, even if not exclusive as a topic;
- involvement of a few regions for the transfer of knowledge and best practices of specific importance and common interest;
- sharing of public information and internal working documents to the project in two distinct areas on the Research Italy portal.
The project S3 is a part of a project cicle that DPS begun in 2008 to support research and innovation policies of the Regions. It was preceded by two other phases: "Accompanying the implementation of the NSF - Axis research" and "Policy support for research and innovation of the Regions".
Smart Specialisation Strategy Project Documents
- Official documents and scientific contributions (only in italian language)
- Contributions presented in the past events (only in italian language)
National Thematic Areas