Phosphorene: the material that could pave the way to future electronics
Phosphorene is one of the latest additions to the family of two-dimensional materials, graphene being the first one discovered. The surprising features of this material that could characterize the future of electronics are being investigated by the PHOSFUN research project, funded by the European Research Council and coordinated by the National Research Council.
Phosphorene is a material made of a single sheet of ordered phosphorous atoms prepared by exfoliation of black phosphorus, one of the crystalline forms of elemental phosphorous. Phosphorene is one of the latest additions to the two-dimensional materials, graphene being the first one discovered, and some of its features suggest that this material can have applications in several interesting areas of electronics.
To investigate unexplored features of phosphorene is the aim of the PHOSFUN (Phosfun-Phosphorene Functionalization: a New Platform for Advanced Multifunctional Materials) research project, with Maurizio Peruzzini, Director of the Institute of Chemistry of Organometallic Compounds of the National Research Council (ICCOM-CNR) in Sesto Fiorentino as the principal investigator. The project has obtained an European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant, one of the grants that enable established researchers to conduct high-risk innovative projects.
PHOSFUN will be completed in 2019 and aims at increasing knowledge about phosphorene chemical and physical properties as much as possible, by exploring the different ways to change its surface, with the ultimate purpose of paving the way to the use of this material in the manufacturing of electronic and optoelectronic devices.
With this purpose, the project involves several scientific competences with participation of ICCOM-CNR chemists with expertise in the synthesis, characterization and manipulation of phosphorus and its derivatives – including Maurizio Peruzzini, Maria Caporali and Manuel Serrano – as well as researchers specialized in the structural characterization of this material with experimental and theoretical methods – including Matteo Ceppatelli, Andrea Ienco and Gabriele Manca. The team also involves material chemists and physicists, including Stefano Toffanin from the Institute of Nanostructured Materials (ISMN) of CNR in Bologna and Stefan Heun from the Nanoscience Institute of CNR in Pisa.