Vada, Livorno: village found where salt was produced
The excavation campaign conducted last summer at Vada, in the municipality of Rosignano Marittimo (Livorno), by young archaeologists from University of Pisa, led to the discovery of a village specializing in salt production.
In the Iron Age settlement, students in Cultural Heritage and Archaeology found numerous containers and fireplace supports used to boil seawater and produce salt.
“The discovery reveals that the coastal dunes where the Roman buildings were erected were previously occupied by a settlement where salt was produced, confirming the long history of salt production in this area”, said Professor Simonetta Menchelli from University of Pisa. “When Rutilius Namatianus visited Vada in AD 417, he documented the presence of operative salt pans. Salt production continued during the medieval period, mentioned in numerous archival documents, and salt has been part of the history of the Volterra district to this day, as demonstrated by the Saline di Volterra plants”.
The three-week campaign also brought to light the remains of Roman workshops, including a bread oven and a schola, composed of several rooms with marble floors, including a large semicircular area.
The field activities, part of a multi-year project at Vada Volterrana, were led by Paolo Sangriso, Francesca Bulzomi, Alberto Cafaro, Stefano Genovesi and Silvia Marini, R. Marcheschi, with the participation of students of Vada Volaterrana Summer at University of Pisa and students of the Fermi high school in Cecina.