Satellite data to monitor climate change
This initiative is called High Resolution Land Cover Essential Climate Variable and uses satellite data to monitor the planet climate change.
The project, which is part of a flagship scientific programme of the European Space Agency on Climate Change, was launched in Frascati, at ESA-ESRIN, and is coordinated by the University of Trento with the participation of Bruno Kessler Foundation and international research centres involved in this area.
The project team will develop a system that will use the data collected to generate soil maps to be integrated into climate models. The results will contribute to prepare a report on climate and will be used at the international political level to develop future strategies.
“Our project is the only project under Italian leadership of the entire Esa programme on Climate Change and the early phase will be funded by one million, 700 thousand euro”, said Lorenzo Bruzzone, project coordinator, Professor at the Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science of the University of Trento, and head of the Remote Sensing Laboratory.
“Today, the satellites for Earth observation are an essential source of information to study the evolution of the soil covering the Earth’s surface”, continued Bruzzone. “We will analyze the huge amount of satellite data (big data) currently collected by the orbiting satellite constellations as well as those available in the archives since 1990. The system of automatic processing will use sophisticated techniques of image processing and recognition based on “deep” neural artificial networks and artificial intelligence”.